operate four research labs under the umbrella of Baidu Research: the Augmented Reality (AR) Lab, the Silicon Valley Artificial Intelligence (AI) Lab, the Beijing Deep Learning Lab and the Beijing
Big Data Lab. We established the Baidu Institute of Deep Learning, currently known as the Beijing Deep Learning Lab, in January 2013. We opened the Silicon Valley AI Lab in May 2014, enhancing our research and development capabilities in Silicon
Valley. In August 2014, we and the United Nations announced and started strategic cooperation and jointly established the Big Data Lab. In January 2017, we announced the establishment of our AR Lab focusing on augmented reality technology. Since
September 2016, we have open-sourced our AI platform PaddlePaddle to the global developer community, providing access to Baidu technology in areas of voice and image recognition, natural language processing, and machine learning.
In 2015, our autonomous driving project at the Beijing Deep Learning Lab reached a key milestone by completing rigorous fully autonomous tests
under a variety of complex environmental conditions. We have been recognized as one of the leading AI innovators globally after investing in AI for many years. In 2016, we established our Autonomous Driving Business Unit. In April 2017, we announced
Project Apollo, our autonomous driving open platform.
We have developed a proprietary technological infrastructure which consists of
technologies for web search, mobile, P4P, targetizement, large-scale systems, AI and autonomous driving technology. Our established infrastructure serves as the backbone for both our PC and mobile platforms.
People. We have a visionary and experienced management team. Under their leadership, we have developed a strong company culture
that encourages individual thinking and creativity, continuous self-improvement and strong commitment to providing the best experience to our users and customers. We value our employees and provide abundant opportunities for training, responsibility
and career advancement in our organization.
We have a robust business model:
Online Marketing Services. We generate a large majority of our revenues from online marketing services, including online
marketing services based on search queries, contextuals, audience attributes, media and placement attributes and online marketing services of other forms. Our online marketing services generally comprise text links, images, multimedia files and
interactive forms. Our P4P platform enables customers to bid for priority placement of their links in keyword search results, and provides customers with wide reach, precise targeting capabilities, highly measurable results and superior returns on
marketing spending. We generally require our P4P SME customers to pay deposits before using our services and remind them to replenish their accounts when needed. We also provide other forms of online marketing services, including contextual ads,
display placements and online video ads.
Revenue, Profit and Cash Flow. We have grown substantially by focusing on the
organic growth of our core business, complemented by strategic investments and acquisitions. Our total revenues in 2016 were RMB70.5 billion (US$10.2 billion), a 6.3% increase over 2015. Our operating profit was RMB10.0 billion (US$1.4
billion) in 2016, a 13.9% decrease over 2015. Our net income attributable to Baidu, Inc. was RMB11.6 billion (US$1.7 billion) in 2016, compared to RMB33.7 billion in 2015. Our total revenues, operating profit and net income attributable to
Baidu, Inc. in the three months ended March 31, 2017 were RMB16.9 billion (US$2.5 billion), RMB2.0 billion (US$291.4 million) and RMB1.8 billion (US$258.1 million), respectively, representing a 6.8% increase, a 9.3% decrease and
a 10.6% decrease from the corresponding period in 2016. For the three months ended March 31, 2017, we generated RMB4.7 billion (US$683.3 million) net cash from operating activities. As of March 31, 2017, we held a total of
RMB90.7 billion (US$13.2 billion) in cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments.