TO THE UNAUDITED INTERIM CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Basis of Consolidation
The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Baidu, Inc. (Baidu or the
Company), its subsidiaries, variable interest entities (VIEs), and the subsidiaries of the VIEs.
March 31, 2017, the Company has subsidiaries incorporated in countries and jurisdictions including the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), Hong Kong, Japan, Cayman Islands and British Virgin Islands (BVI).
As of March 31, 2017, the Company also effectively controls a number of VIEs through the Primary Beneficiaries, as defined below. The VIEs
||Beijing Baidu Netcom Science Technology Co., Ltd. (Baidu Netcom), controlled through Baidu Online Network Technology (Beijing) Co., Ltd. (Baidu Online), one of the Companys wholly-owned
||Beijing Perusal Technology Co., Ltd. (Beijing Perusal), controlled through Baidu Online; and |
||Beijing BaiduPay Science and Technology Co., Ltd. (BaiduPay), controlled through Baidu Online; and |
||Other VIEs controlled through Primary Beneficiaries other than Baidu Online. |
The Company, its
subsidiaries, VIEs and subsidiaries of the VIEs are hereinafter collectively referred to as the Group. The Group offers internet search solutions and online marketing solutions, operates an online payment platform which enables users to
make payments online, develops and markets scalable web/mobile application software and provides related services, offers transaction services and conducts online advertising business through online video contents broadcasting. The Groups
principal geographic market is in the PRC. The Company does not conduct any substantive operations of its own, but conducts its primary business operations through its subsidiaries and VIEs in the PRC.
PRC laws and regulations prohibit or restrict foreign ownership of internet content, advertising, audio and video services, and mobile
application distribution businesses. To comply with these foreign ownership restrictions, the Group operates its websites and primarily provides services subject to such restriction in the PRC through the VIEs, the PRC legal entities that were
established or whose equity shares were held by the individuals authorized by the Group. The paid-in capital of the VIEs was mainly funded by the Group through loans extended to the authorized individuals who
were the shareholders of the VIEs. The Group has entered into proxy agreements or power of attorney and exclusive equity purchase option agreement with the VIEs and nominee shareholders of the VIEs through the Groups subsidiaries
(Primary Beneficiaries), which give the Primary Beneficiaries the power to direct the activities that most significantly affect the economic performance of the VIEs and to acquire the equity interests in the VIEs when permitted by the
PRC laws, respectively. Certain exclusive agreements have been entered into with the VIEs through the Primary Beneficiaries or their wholly-owned subsidiaries in the PRC, which obligate the Primary Beneficiaries to absorb a majority of the risk of
loss from the VIEs activities and entitle the Primary Beneficiaries to receive a majority of their residual returns. In addition, the Group has entered into certain agreements with the shareholders of the VIEs through the Primary Beneficiaries
or their wholly-owned subsidiaries in the PRC, including loan agreements for the paid-in capital of the VIEs and share pledge agreements for the equity interests in the VIEs held by the shareholders of the
Despite the lack of technical majority ownership, there exists a parent-subsidiary relationship between the Primary Beneficiaries
and the VIEs through the aforementioned agreements with the shareholders of the