20-F
BAIDU, INC. filed this Form 20-F on 03/31/2017
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Table of Contents

real-name and basic identification of clients that open account with them. In addition, the Measures on Online Payment Business categorizes online payment accounts of individuals into three types, with each type subject to particular use of purposes and different limits on the amounts that can be paid from the accounts. Individuals that pass more verifications are entitled to open accounts that are allowed be used for more purposes and have higher caps on the amount payable through these accounts. For example, an individual client whose identity is verified by the payment institution or by a partner authorized by the payment institution face to face, or whose basic identity information is subject to multiple cross-validation by at least five legal and safe external channels in a non-face-to-face manner, may open Type-III payment accounts, the balance in which may be used for consumption, account transfers, and procurement of financial products. The accumulative amount of balance payment transactions through all payment accounts of the individual shall not exceed RMB200,000 (US$28,806) during a year (excluding account transfers from the payment account to the client’s same-name bank account). An individual client that passes the verification of basic identity information in a non-face-to-face manner through at least one legal and safe external channel and opening a payment account with the institution for the first time may open a Type-I payment account, the balance in which may be used for consumption and account transfers only. The accumulative amount of balance payment transactions through such payment account shall not exceed RMB1,000 (US$144) (including account transfer from the payment account to the client’s same-name bank account), from the date of the opening of the account.

In April 2016, the General Office of the State Council issued the Implementing Scheme for Special Rectification of Internet Financial Risks, which reiterates that a non-bank payment institution must not misappropriate or possess clients’ reserves, and instead it must open a reserve account with the People’s Bank of China or a qualified commercial bank. In addition, a non-bank payment institution must not use schemes to carry out inter-bank clearing business in a disguised form. Instead, a non-bank payment institution must operate inter-bank payment business through the inter-bank clearing system of the People’s Bank of China or a qualified clearing institution.

In January 2017, the General Office of the People’s Bank of China issued a Notice on Matters regarding Centralized Deposit and Management of Client’s Reserves of Payment Institutions. Pursuant to the notice, commencing from April 17, 2017, a non-bank payment institution must deposit a certain percentage of its clients’ reserve that it collects into a special deposit account and no interest will accrue on the deposited amount. The People’s Bank of China will determine the deposit percentage for a non-bank payment institution based on the category of payment business, risk control and compliance ratings of the non-bank payment institution. The deposit percentage ranges from 12% to 20% for an operator of online payment business, 10% to 18% for an operator of bank card bill acceptance and clearance business and 16% to 24% for an operator of issuance and acceptance of pre-paid card business. If an entity engages in more than one type of payment businesses, the highest of the respective deposit percentages applicable to each payment business of this entity will apply.

Regulations relating to Consumer Finance and Microcredit

We currently engage in consumer finance business by providing microcredit services to our customers through two of our subsidiaries. The Guidance on the Pilot Establishment of Microcredit Companies, jointly promulgated by the China Banking Regulatory Commission and the People’s Bank of China in 2008, allows provincial governments to approve the establishment of microcredit companies on a trial basis. Following this guidance, many provincial governments in China, including that of Shanghai and Chongqing, promulgated local implementing rules on the administration of local microcredit companies. The implementing rules issued by the Shanghai and Chongqing municipal governments provide that the sources of funds of a microcredit company must be limited to the capital contributions paid by its shareholders, monetary donations, and loans provided by no more than two banking financial institutions. The Shanghai Financial Services Office, the regulatory entity for microcredit companies in Shanghai, together with other local government authorities in Shanghai issued additional administrative measures regulating microcredit companies in Shanghai, which require the paid capital contribution of a newly established microcredit company must be no less than RMB200 million (US$28.8 million), and provide that the authorities in Shanghai will provide additional supports to microcredit

 

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