China-based Internet Companies. Chinese internet companies, such as
Alibaba, Tencent, Sohu, Qihoo 360 and ByteDance, offer a broad range of online services, including search services. These companies have widely recognized brand names in China and significant financial resources. We compete with these portals
primarily for user traffic, user time, display advertisement and online marketing.
Media. Other advertising media, such as newspapers, yellow pages, magazines, billboards, other forms of outdoor media, television, radio and mobile applications compete for a share of our customers marketing budgets. Large enterprises
currently spend a relatively small percentage of their marketing budgets on online marketing as compared to other advertising media.
For transaction services, our primary competitors include China-based internet companies such as Meituan-Dianping, Elema,
Koubei, AutoNavi, Alipay and Weixin Pay. We leverage our user traffic, product design and various market campaigns to enhance users reliance on our platforms and services.
For iQiyi, our primary competitors include companies that operate online video websites in China, such as Youku-Tudou and
Tencent Video. We compete with these market players for both users and advertisers primarily on the basis of user base and demographics, quality and quantity of video content, brand name and user experience.
We operate four research labs under the umbrella of Baidu Research, the Augmented Reality (AR) Lab, the Silicon Valley
Artificial Intelligence (AI) Lab, the Beijing Deep Learning Lab and the Beijing Big Data Lab. We established the Baidu Institute of Deep Learning, currently known as the Beijing Deep Learning Lab, in January 2013. We opened the Silicon Valley AI Lab
in May 2014, enhancing our research and development capabilities in Silicon Valley. In August 2014, we and the United Nation announced and started strategic cooperation and jointly established the Big Data Lab. In January 2017, we announced the
establishment of our AR Lab focusing on augmented reality technology.
In 2015, our autonomous driving project at the
Beijing Deep Learning Lab reached a key milestone by completing rigorous fully autonomous tests under a variety of complex environmental conditions. We have been recognized as one of the leading AI innovators globally after investing in AI for many
years. In 2016, we established our Autonomous Driving Business Unit.
We have developed a proprietary technological
infrastructure which consists of technologies for web search, mobile, P4P, targetizement, large-scale systems, AI and autonomous driving technology. Our established infrastructure serves as the backbone for both our PC and mobile platforms.
Web Search Technology
Our web search is powered by a set of advanced technologies including, among others, the following:
Link Analysis. Link analysis is a technique that determines the importance of a web page by evaluating the
combination of the anchor texts and the number of web pages linked to that web page. We treat a link from web page A to web page B as a vote by page A in favor of page B. The subject of the vote is
described in the anchor texts of that link. The more votes a web page gets, the higher the importance.
Ranking. We compare search queries with the content of web pages to help determine relevance. We have significantly
improved the relevancy and freshness of ranking using our machine learning modules to analyze the rich internet and user interaction data and prioritize the search results. For example, our technology determines the proximity of individual search
terms to each other on a given web page, and prioritizes results where the search terms are near each other. Other aspects of a pages content are also considered. We have innovatively applied our machine learning technology to better
understand the semantics beyond simple text of the keywords