Other nonmonetary exchanges.
We engage in certain barter transactions other than licensed copyrights of video contents from time to time and in such
situations follows the guidance set forth in ASC 845. While nonmonetary transactions are generally recorded at fair value, if such value is not determinable within reasonable limits, or the transaction lacks commercial substance, or the transaction
is an exchange of a product or property held for sale in the ordinary course of business for a product or property to be sold in the same line of business to facilitate sales to customers other than the parties to the exchange, the transaction is
recognized based on the carrying value of the product or services provided. We also engage in certain advertising barter transactions and follows the guidance set forth in ASC subtopic 605-20, or ASC 605-20, Revenue Recognition: Services. The advertising barter transactions generally are recorded at fair value. If the fair value of the advertising surrendered in the barter transaction is not determinable
within required limits, the barter transaction is recorded based on the carrying amount of the advertising surrendered, which is generally nil. The amount of revenues recognized for barter transactions other than licensed copyrights of video
contents was insignificant for each of the years presented.
Other revenue recognition related policies
In accordance with ASC subtopic 605-25, or ASC
605-25, Revenue Recognition: Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements, for arrangements that include multiple deliverables, primarily for advertisements to be displayed in different spots, placed under
different forms and occurred at different times, we evaluate all the deliverables in the arrangement to determine whether they represent separate units of accounting. For the arrangements with deliverable items to be considered a separate unit of
accounting, we allocate the total consideration of the arrangement based on their relative selling price, with the selling price of each deliverable determined using vendor-specific objective evidence of selling price, or VSOE, third-party evidence
or TPE of selling price, or managements best estimate of the selling price, or BESP, and recognize revenue as each deliverable is provided. We consider all reasonably available information in determining the BESP, including both market and
entity-specific factors. For the arrangements with all deliverable items to be determined as a single unit of accounting due to lack of value on a standalone basis or a contingent revenue feature, we recognize the revenue at the point when last
deliverable item has been provided.
We deliver some of our online marketing services to end customers through engaging
third party distributors. In this context, we may provide cash incentives to distributors. The cash incentives are accounted for as reduction of revenue in accordance with ASC subtopic 605-50, or ASC 605-50, Revenue Recognition: Customer Payments and Incentives.
We provide sales
incentives to customers which entitle them to receive reductions in the price of the online marketing services by meeting certain cumulative consumption requirements. We account for these award credits granted to customers in conjunction with a
current sale of products or services as a multiple-element arrangement by analogy to ASC 605-25. The consideration allocated to the award credits is recorded as deferred revenue based on the assumption
that the customer will purchase the minimum amount of future service necessary to obtain the maximum award credits available. The deferred revenue is recognized as revenue proportionately as the future services are delivered to the customer or when
the award credits expire.
We provide certain online marketing services as an agent by offering goods and services
provided by third-party partners. We present revenues from such services on a net basis as we are not the primary obligor in the arrangement in accordance with ASC subtopic 605-45, or ASC 605-45, Revenue Recognition: Principal Agent Consideration.
We account for share-based compensation in accordance with ASC topic 718, or ASC 718, Compensation-Stock
Compensation. We have elected to recognize share-based compensation using the straight-line method for